A candidate has stepped forward from the recently incorporated Cornwall Pedigree E and agreed to conduct a Y-DNA test for us to help prove our conclusions are right.
So, a second test kit has been ordered and will soon be steaming it’s way across the Atlantic to England.
As anyone who has been following our DNA Game will recall, DNA has a way of throwing curveballs at you. There are a variety of things that can go wrong along the way.
But if the wind is in our favor we will have confirmed a large swath of Cornwall Pedigree 02 once the second test comes in.
This has been a full month of love for Cornwall and I promise I’m working on other things too. The stars just aligned on this one and I didn’t want to miss the opportunity to finally establish one of the Cornwall lines and find out if they are part of one of the other established lineages or a brand new one.
Cornish national identity
Further information: Cornish nationalismThe percentage of respondents who gave “Cornish” as an answer to the National Identity question in the 2011 census.
Cornwall is recognised by Cornish and Celtic political groups as one of six Celtic nations, alongside Brittany, Ireland, the Isle of Man, Scotland and Wales. (The Isle of Man Government and the Welsh Government also recognise Asturias and Galicia.) Cornwall is represented, as one of the Celtic nations, at the Festival Interceltique de Lorient, an annual celebration of Celtic culture held in Brittany.
Cornwall Council consider Cornwall’s unique cultural heritage and distinctiveness to be one of the area’s major assets. They see Cornwall’s language, landscape, Celtic identity, political history, patterns of settlement, maritime tradition, industrial heritage, and non-conformist tradition, to be among the features making up its “distinctive” culture. However, it is uncertain how many of the people living in Cornwall consider themselves to be Cornish; results from different surveys (including the national census) have varied. In the 2001 census, 7 per cent of people in Cornwall identified themselves as Cornish, rather than British or English. However, activists have argued that this underestimated the true number as there was no explicit “Cornish” option included in the official census form.
Subsequent surveys have suggested that as many as 44 per cent identify as Cornish. Many people in Cornwall say that this issue would be resolved if a Cornish option became available on the census. The question and content recommendations for the 2011 Census provided an explanation of the process of selecting an ethnic identity which is relevant to the understanding of the often quoted figure of 37,000 who claim Cornish identity.
On 24 April 2014 it was announced that Cornish people have been granted minority status under the European Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities.
Meaning of the Name
The modern English name Cornwall is a compound of two ancient demonyms coming from two different language groups:
- Corn- originates from the Brythonic tribe, the Cornovii (“peninsula people”). The Celtic word “kernou” (“horn” or “headland”) is cognate with the English word “horn” (both deriving from the Proto-Indo-European *ker-).[a]
- -wall derives from the Old English exonym w(e)alh, meaning “foreigner” or “Roman” (i.e. a Welshman).
In the Cornish language, Cornwall is known as Kernow which stems from a similar linguistic background.
Tourism is estimated to contribute up to[clarification needed] 24% of Cornwall’s gross domestic product. In 2011 tourism brought £1.85 billion into the Cornish economy. Cornwall’s unique culture, spectacular landscape and mild climate make it a popular tourist destination, despite being somewhat distant from the United Kingdom’s main centres of population. Surrounded on three sides by the English Channel and Celtic Sea, Cornwall has many miles of beaches and cliffs; the South West Coast Path follows a complete circuit of both coasts. Other tourist attractions include moorland, country gardens, museums, historic and prehistoric sites, and wooded valleys. Five million tourists visit Cornwall each year, mostly drawn from within the UK.
Newquay and Porthtowan are popular destinations for surfers. In recent years, the Eden Project near St Austell has been a major financial success, drawing one in eight of Cornwall’s visitors in 2004.
In the summer of 2018, due to the recognition of its beaches and weather through social media and the marketing of travel companies, Cornwall received about 20 per cent more visitors than the usual 4.5 million figure. The sudden rise and demand of tourism in Cornwall caused multiple traffic and safety issues in coastal areas.
Eden Project photo by Patrick Charpiat – Own work, CC BY-SA 2.0 fr, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3014093
Land’s End Photo by Keven Law from Los Angeles, USA – At the end of the Universe..:O), CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3738036